Háskóli Íslands

Grímsvötn - Bibliography

Ice-Volcano Interaction at the Subglacial Grímsvötn Volcano,Iceland. Magnús T. Guðmundsson. In: S.C. Colbeck (ed.): Glaciers, Ice Sheets and Volcanoes: A Symposium Honoring Mark Meier. (Includes article without figures.)

Influence of surface load variations on eruption likelihood: Application to two Icelandic subglacial volcanoes, Albino, F., V. Pinel, F. Sigmundsson, Geophys. J. Int, 181, 1510-1524, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04603.x, 2010.

Jökulhlaups in Iceland: sources, release and drainage. In: Burr, D. M., P. A. Carling and V. R. Baker, eds. Megaflooding on Earth and Mars. Helgi Björnsson. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. pp. 50-62. 2009.

Structure of the Grímsvötn volcano under the Vatnajökull icecap. Raimon Alfaro, Bryndís Brandsdóttir, Daniel P. Rowlands, Robert S. White and Magnús Tumi Gudmundsson, Geophys. J. Int. 168, 863-876, 2007. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03238.x.

Crustal deformation associated with the 1996 Gjálp subglacial eruption, Iceland: InSAR studies in affected areas adjacent to the Vatnajökull ice cap. Pagli, C., F. Sigmundsson, R. Pedersen, P. Einarsson, Þ. Árnadóttir, K. Feigl. Earth and Planetary Science Lett., 259, 24-33, 2007. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2007.04.019

Time constraints on the origin of large volume basalts derived from O-isotope and trace element mineral zoning and U-series disequilibria in the Laki and Grimsvotn volcanic system. Bindeman, I.N., Sigmarsson, O. and Eiler, J.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 245(1-2), p.  245-259, 2006.

Volcano geodesy and magma dynamics in Iceland. Sturkell, E., P. Einarsson, F. Sigmundsson, H. Geirsson, R. Pedersen, E. Van Dalfsen, A. Linde, S. Sacks, R. Stefánsson. J. Volc. Geothermal Res., 150, 14-34, 2006. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2005.07.010.

The level of the Grímsvötn subglacial lake, Vatnajökull, Iceland, monitored with SPOT5 images.  Berthier, E., H. Björnsson, F. Pálsson, K.L. Feigl, M. Lubes and F. Rémy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 243, 293-302, 2006.

Volume changes of Vatnajökull ice cap, Iceland, due to surface mass balance, ice flow, and subglacial melting at geothermal areas. Eyjólfur Magnússon, Helgi Björnsson, Jørgen Dall and Finnur Pálsson, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 32, L05504, doi:10.1029/2004GL021615, 2005.

The erosion and suspended matter/seawater interaction during and after the 1996 outburst flood from the Vatnajökull Glacier, Iceland. Matthildur B. Stefánsdóttir and Sigurdur R. Gíslason. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 237,p. 433-452, 2005.

Forecasting and monitoring a subglacial eruption in Iceland. Vogfjörd, Kristín, S., S. S. Jakobsdóttir, G. B. Gudmundsson, M. J. Roberts, K. Ágústsson, T. Arason, H. Geirsson, S. Karlsdóttir, S. Hjaltadóttir, U. Ólafsdóttir, B. Thorbjarnardóttir, T. Skaftadóttir, E. Sturkell, E. B. Jónasdóttir, G. Hafsteinsson, H. Sveinbjörnsson, R. Stefánsson, and T. V. Jónsson. Eos, 86, p. 245-248, 2005.

A coupled sheet-conduit model of jökulhlaup propagation. Flowers, G.E., H. Björnsson, F. Pálsson and G.K.C. Clarke. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, 2004.

The 1783-1785 A.D. Laki-Grímsvötn eruptions I: A critical look at the contemporary chronicles. Thordarson, Th., Jökull, 53, 1-10, 2003.

The 1783-1785 A.D. Laki-Grímsvötn eruptions II: Appraisal based on contemporary accounts. Thordarson, Th., G. Larsen, S. Steinthorsson, S. Self.,  Jökull, 53, 11-48, 2003.

Deformation of Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland: 1998 eruption and subsequent inflation. Sturkell, E., P. Einarsson, F. Sigmundsson, S. Hreinsdóttir, H. Geirsson. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, doi:10.1029/2002GL016460, 2003.

Subglacial lakes and jökulhlaups in Iceland. Helgi Björnsson, Global and Planetary Change, 35, 255-271, 2002.

Effects of volcanic eruptions on the CO2 content of the atmosphere and the oceans: the 1996 eruption and flood within the Vatnajökull Glacier, Iceland.  S.R. Gíslason et al. Chemical Geology, 190, 181–205, 2002.

Three-dimensional glacier surface motion maps at the Gjálp eruption site, Iceland, inferred from combining InSAR and other ice displacement data. Sverrir Guðmundsson, Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson, Helgi Björnsson, Freysteinn Sigmundsson, Jens Michael Carstensen and Helmut Rott.  Annals of Glaciology, 34, 315-322, 2002.

Glacier-volcano interactions deduced by SAR interferometry. Helgi Björnsson, Helmut Rott, Sverrir Guðmundsson, Andrea Fischer, Andreas Siegel and Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson.  Journal of Glaciology, 47, 58-70, 2001.

The 1996 and 1998 subglacial eruptions beneath the Vatnajökull ice sheet in Iceland: contrasting geochemical and geophysical inferences on magma migration. Sigmarsson, O.; Karlsson, H. R.; Larsen, G. Bulletin of Volcanology, Volume 61, Issue 7, pp. 468-476, 2000.

Subglacial eruptions and synthetic aperture radar images. Guðmundsson, M. T., G. Larsen, H. Björnsson, F. Sigmundsson.  Eos, 81, 135, 2000.

Hydrological characteristics of the drainage system beneath a surging glacier.  Helgi Björnsson, Nature, 395, 771-774, 1998.

Eight centuries of periodic volcanism at the center of the Iceland hot spot revealed by glacier tephrastratigraphy. Guðrún Larsen, Magnús T. Guðmundsson and Helgi Björnsson. Geology, vol. 26, no. 10, 943-946, 1998.

Center of the Iceland hotspot experiences volcanic unrest. Páll Einarsson, Bryndís Brandsdóttir, Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson, Helgi Björnsson, Karl Grönvold and Freysteinn Sigmundsson. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 78, 369, 374-375, 1997. ( Article without figures.)

Ice-volcano interaction of the 1996 Gjálp subglacial eruption, Vatnajökull, Iceland. Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson, Freysteinn Sigmundsson and Helgi Björnsson. Nature, 389, 954-957, 1997.

Gravity and magnetic studies of the subglacial Grimsvotn volcano, Iceland: Implications for crustal and thermal structure, Magnús Tumi Gudmundsson and J. Milsom, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 7691-7704, 1997.

Changes in Jökulhlaup Sizes in Grímsvötn, Vatnajökull, Iceland, 1934-1991, Deduced From In Situ Measurements of Subglacial Lake Volume. Magnús T. Gudmundsson, Helgi Björnsson and Finnur Pálsson. J. Glaiol., 41, 263-272, 1995.

Volatile fluxes integrated overfour decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Ágústsdóttir A. M., and S. L. Brantley, Journal of Geophysical Research 99, B5, 9,505­9,522, 1994.

Variations in the Thermal Output of the Subglacial Grímsvötn Caldera, Iceland. Helgi Björnsson and Magnús T. Gudmundsson, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 20, No. 19, pages 2127-2130.1993.

Eruptions in Grímsvötn, Vatnajökull, Iceland, 1934-1991. Magnús T. Gudmundsson and Helgi Björnsson, Geophysical Research Letters,  vol. 20, No. 19, pages 2127-2130, 1993.

The Laki (Skaftár Fires) and Grímsvötn eruptions in 1783-1785. Thordarson, T., S. Self.  Bull. Volc., 55, 233-263, 1993.

Volatile fluxes integrated overfour decades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. Ágústsdóttir A. M., and S. L. Brantley, Journal of Geophysical Research 99, B5, 9,505­9,522, 1994.

Volatile release rates from the Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. In: Kharaka Y. K. and A. S. Maest (eds.), Water Rock Interaction, Ágústsdóttir A. M., Brantley S. L., Guðmundsson M. T. and H.Björnsson, Proceedings of the 7th international symposium on water­rock interaction, WRI­7, A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp. 465­468, 1992.

Jökulhlaups in Iceland: prediction, characteristics and simulation. Helgi Björnsson, Ann. Glaciol., 16, 95-106, 1992.

Jökulhlaups in Iceland: characteristics, prediction and simulation. Helgi Björnsson, Annals of Glaciology, vol. 16, 95-106, 1992.

Extreme magma homogeneity in the 1783–84 Lakagigar Eruption: Origin of a large volume of evolved basalt in Iceland. Olgeir Sigmarsson, Michel Condomines, Karl Grönvold, Thorvaldur Thordarson, GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 12, PP. 2229-2232, 1991.

Volcanoes beneath Vatnajökull, Iceland: Evidence from Radio Echo-Sounding, Earthquakes and Jökulhlaups. Helgi Björnsson and Páll Einarsson. Jökull, 40, 147-168, 1990.

The Grímsvötn Caldera, Vatnajökull: Subglacial topography and structure of caldera infill. Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson, Jökull, 39, 1-20, 1989.

Hydrology of ice caps in volcanic regions. Helgi Björnsson, Vísindafélag Ísl. (Societas Scientarum Islandica, Univ. of Iceland) 45, 139pp and 21 map, 1988.

The Grímsvötn Geothermal Area, Vatnajökull, Iceland. Helgi Björnsson, Hrefna Kristmannsdóttir. Jökull, 34, 1984.

Seismic Activity preceding and during the 1983 Volcanic Eruption in Grímsvötn, Iceland. Páll Einarsson and Bryndís Brandsdóttir. Jökull, 34, 1984.

Seismic activity in Vatnajökull in 1900-1982, with special references to Skeidarárhlaups, Skaftárhlaups and Vatnajökull eruptions. Bryndís Brandsdóttir. Jökull, 34, 141-150, 1984.

Eruption in Grímsvötn 1983: Course of events and chemical studies of the tephra. Karl Grönvold, Haukur Jóhannesson. Jökull, 34, 1984.

A natural calorimeter at Grímsvötn: indications of volcanicand geothermal activity. Helgi Björnsson, Jökull, 33,13-18, 1983. 

Penetration of water into hot rock boundaries of magma at Grímsvötn. Helgi Björnsson, S. Björnsson and Th. Sigurgeirsson, Nature, 195, 580-581, 1982.

Petrology of Recent basalts of the eastern volcanic zone, Iceland. Sveinn Jakobsson, Acta Nat. Isl,. 26, 103 pp.,1979.

Lateral magma flow within rifted Icelandic crust.  Sigurdsson, H., R.S.J. Sparks, Nature, 274, 126-130, 1978.

Lateral magma flow within rifted Icelandic crust. Sigurðsson, Haraldur, and R.S. J. Sparks. Nature, 274, 126-130, 1978.

Tephra layers in a drill core from the Vatnajökull ice cap. Sigurður Steinþórsson, Jökull, 27, 2-17, 1977.

Subglacial water reservoirs, jökulhlaups and volcanic eruptions. Helgi Björnsson, Jökull, 25,1-15, 1976.

Explanation of jökulhlaups from Grímsvötn, Vatnajökull, Iceland. Helgi Björnsson, Jökull, 24, 1- 26, 1974.

Some aspects of the Grímsvötn problem. Sigurður Þórarinsson, J. of Glaciology, 14, 267-275, 1953.

Other contributed references

5. The Grímsvötn 2004 eruption and glacial flood – a geochemical modeling study of the fate of Arsenic during tephra/floodwater interactions and subsequent floodwater/ seawater interactions.  Bergur Sigfusson1,2, Sigurdur R. Gislason, Rannveig Guicharnaud, Jorunn Hardardottir, Peter Torssander and Andrew A. Meharg. (pdf file)

Niðurstöður rennslis-, aurburðar og efnamælinga í Skeiðarárhlaupi haustið 2004.  Jórunn Harðardóttir, Bergur Sigfússon, Páll Jónsson, Sigurður Reynir Gíslason, Gunnar Sigurðsson, Sverrir Óskar Elefsen, Skýrsla unnin fyrir Vegagerðina, OS-2004/025. (pdf file)

Ágústsdóttir A. M. Heat and volatile fluxes integrated over fourdecades at Grímsvötn volcano, Iceland. M. S. thesis, Pennsylvania State Univ., 84 pp, 1993.

Brantley S. L., Ágústsdóttir A. M., and G. L. Rowe. Crater lakes reveal volcanic heat and volatile fluxes. GSA Today 3, no. 7, 173­178, 1992.

Þórðarson, Þorvaldur. 1990. Skaftáreldar. 4. árs ritgerð. Háskóli Íslands, Raunvísindadeild.

Jóhannesson, Haukur. 1987. Grímsvatnagos 1816 . Náttúrufræðingurinn, 57, 157-159.

Jónsson, Jón. 1986. Eldgos í Vatnajökli 1910. Suðurland, Dec., p. 13.

Jóhannesson, Haukur. 1984. Grímsvatnagos 1933 og fleira frá því ári. Jökull, 34, 151-158.

Jóhannesson, Haukur. 1983. Gossaga Grímsvatna 1900-1983 í stuttu máli. Jökull, 33, 146-147.

Stefánsson, Ragnar. 1983. Skeiðarárhlaupið 1939. Jökull 33, 148.

Sæmundsson, Kristján. 1982. Öskjur á virkum eldfjallasvæðum á Íslandi. In: Eldur er í norðri, Festschrift for Sigurður Þórarinsson, Sögufélag, Reykjavík, 221-239.

Þórarinsson, Sigurður. 1974. Vötnin stríð. Saga Skeiðarárhlaupa og Grímsvatnagosa. Bókaútgáfa Menningarsjóðs, Reykjavík. 254 pp.

Áskelsson, Jóhannes. 1959. Skeiðarárjökulhlaupið og umbrotin í Grímsvötnum 1945. Jökull, 9, 22-29.

Áskelsson, Jóhannes. 1936. On the last eruptions in Vatnajökull. Soc. Sci. Isl. 18, Reykjavík, 68pp.

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