Being the largest subaerial part of the mid-ocean rift system and an arctic gateway Iceland provides a unique setting for research spanning many fields of the geosciences. Integrated crust-mantle processes, plume upwelling and rifting within the North-Atlantic make Iceland a target for various research related to the formation and evolution of oceanic rift systems and plume-ridge interactions. Climatic conditions, topographical features and current glaciation make Iceland an attractive study-site for glacial processes and products, past and present.

Research within the Institute is organised into three broadly defined themes: